History of the Canal

The canal was initially proposed by merchants and coal miners in Leeds who wanted a link to the Irish Sea and the thriving continental trade of Liverpool's world famous port.
The canal strengthened industry within Liverpool and the surrounding area, allowing for much greater development of trade. The original Tate & Lyle factory was birthed out of the trade in sugar on the canal, whilst the first Hartley's jam factory was born out of Aintree, relying on the sale of sugar on the canal to start their business.

Many other materials and goods were transported along the canal, including limestone, coal....and manure, referred to as 'night soil' (due to it being collected from neighborhoods after twelve), along with all other general refuse of communities, was transported away from living areas along the canal to be used by surrounding farmers.

No matter how many barges travelled along the Leeds and Liverpool Canal the surface remained the same, flat and smooth. It’s been like that for 200 years.
Conversely the towpath did wear out; horses straining to pull heavy barges, loaded with coal or cobble stones or grain or sand or cement, made sure of that! Heavy hooves pounding down, day after day, can wear away the hardest surface. Even cobblestones within the towpath wore down and were regularly replaced so that hooves could hold their grip.

Two hundred years ago, without horsepower, canal barges could go nowhere. Only horses on well maintained towpaths could pull heavy cargoes all the way from Liverpool to Leeds. Horses were the pulling force which made the canal viable. Horses doing heavy work have to be fed, groomed and given rest and shelter. They need to be loved. A farrier was always on call to replace buckled, worn down, iron shoes.

At the top of Hall Lane in Maghull, near to the swing bridge, stables were built to house horses, barns to store grain, and a large area of land was laid aside to store materials. This facility was essential for the upkeep and repair of what became a vital lifeline for the transport of goods throughout the land. Timber, coal, sand, salt, cement, bricks, gravel, cobble stones, rocks, pitch, paint, paintbrushes, pickaxes, spades, sledgehammers, nails, screws, iron bars, steel sections, tackle and fodder for horses, horseshoes  and many more things ,too numerous to mention, were held to cover any requirement for the smooth running of the canal. Nearby stood the ‘Travellers Rest’ an inn where tired workmen could rest and seek refreshment.

A canal bus ride, from Liverpool to Wigan, was available on some barges for a penny. Space was made amongst cargoes of coal to accommodate about four passengers at a time. The journey took best part of a day.

During very cold winters the canal froze over and icebreakers were brought into use to keep the canal operational. The method used was simple and effective...Barges, shaped like Viking ships with pointed bows, were pulled along by horses, while up to six men jumped up and down, holding on to a crossbar running the length of the vessel. A combination of snorting nostrils and clogdancing kept the waterway clear.

At intervals along the canal’s length, men were employed, solely to store and maintain these special vessels. The depot at Maghull was charged to provide icebreaking duties all the way to Litherland, in one direction and to Halsall in the other.

Icebreaking was such an exciting operation it made everyone passing nearby stop and stare. Adults, on their way to work and children, on their way to school in Melling and other villages along the route, stood mesmerised as the parade passed by.

Towards Liverpool, near Brewery Lane, barges discharged their payloads into a large yard and an ever growing mountain of coal became visible for miles.
The coal was mined in Lancashire and distributed, far and wide, from the yard by horse and cart. This kept houses warm and factories busy.
Men and young children, and ponies, worked miles underground to bring coal to the surface. It was then shovelled manually into barges and heaved struggling by horses to reach its destination.

Hard work, in miserable conditions for little pay, day after day, was all there was to look forward to 200 years ago but the building of the canal heralded the start of better working conditions for many.

Today, hard work on the canal has been replaced with the provision of pleasure cruises for all, but a canal bus trip to Wigan still takes best part of a day.

canal Map from 1770 before the canal was constructed

The Melling stretch of the canal was opened in 1774, click here to see maps, (make this a link to the maps) and ever since Melling and its community through time have had a close relationship with the canal.  From the farmland and families to the industry, they all relied on the canal for their existence.

canal 2 Holmes swing/turn bridge

canal 3

Melling had its own pottery industry situated adjacent to Pye’s Bridge (now known as Ledson’s Bridge, next to the Horse and Jockey pub, itself replaced in the late 20th century) on the east side of the canal. The pottery was opened as The Midland Potter in 1872 by John McIntyre and William Murray of the Caledonian Pottery, Rutherglen, Glasgow. It was sold to John Turner, the pottery manager in 1889 and bought by Hartley's the jam maker in 1922. Stone jars were made here and taken along the canal to Hartleys Jam Works at Aintree and Scottish potters came to Melling to work. Unfortunately the pottery works was badly destroyed by fire in 1929 and never reopened again.

canal 4 Unloading Clay, Melling Pottery

Melling Pottery PostcardMelling Potter

canal 5 Jugs made at Melling Potter

The BICC factory in Melling also stood on the bank of the canal and made cables, wires and other electrical components which were exported all over the world. The factory was demolished in the late 1990s and is now the site of the Village housing estate.

 canal 6

Bicc Factory 1971

canal 7 Village Estate (former site of BICC factory)

Today the canal is used purely for recreational purposes, but the incredible history and beautiful scenery and wildlife on the canal still make it a treasure in our parish.

canal 8

canal 9

canal 10 Clayton’s Bridge (now known as Melling Stone Bridge)

canal 11

canal 12

The Melling township map above shows the locations of the mileposts/milestones, or at least where they should be if they still existed. Originally the canal was marked with milestones (made of stone); there was one on this section adjacent to Holmes Bridge. Very few of these remain. They were superseded by the mileposts with which we are familiar with today (made of iron) in the mid 1890’s. The map shows milestones as an orange triangle. The mileposts are represented by red/black dots: big dots mark the mile, small dots the quarter mile, half dots mark the half mile. Black dots represent mileposts that still exist; red dots represent posts that no longer exist. Note the position of the milestones and mileposts don’t correspond.

In 2016 the Leeds-Liverpool Canal celebrated its Bicentenary year, and local villages and towns along the historic stretch of waterway came together to mark this momentous occasion with a programme of events. Melling celebrated with a fantastic community day which incorporated a fun canal fact find, a delicious family bbq, outstanding entertainment by local community groups and an impressive 30 boat flotilla of narrow boats and motor boats cruising along the canal, all beautifully decorated in bright bunting and occupants dressed in traditional boating clothing.

 Canal Bicentenary 3 5

 In 2016 the Leeds-Liverpool Canal celebrated its Bicentenary year, and local villages and towns along the historic stretch of waterway came together to mark this momentous occasion with a programme of events. Melling celebrated with a fantastic community day which incorporated a fun canal fact find, a delicious family bbq, outstanding entertainment by local community groups and an impressive 30 boat flotilla of narrow boats and motor boats cruising along the canal, all beautifully decorated in bright bunting and occupants dressed in traditional boating clothing.Canal Bicentenary 3 5

Canal Bicentenary 3 5

Canal Bicentenary 3 9

Canal Bicentenary 3 102

For our younger canal explorers you can find lots of fun canal activities, such as a “Waterside Bingo” and “Habitats challenge”, on the Canal and Rivers Trust Explorers website. https://canalrivertrust.org.uk/explorers/resources

For bigger explorers there is lot of really interesting information about the canal on the Sefton Canal website. http://seftonscanal.webplus.net

Location

Parish Council Boundary

melling parish council boundary

Statistics

Population 2,810 (2001 Census)
OS reference SD385002
Civil parish Melling
Metropolitan borough   Sefton
Metropolitan county Merseyside
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LIVERPOOL
Postcode district L31
Dialling code 0151
Police Merseyside
Fire Merseyside
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England

UK Parliament

Sefton Central

Travel

Car:

To plan your route by car click here

 

Train: 

The nearest stations to Melling are Kirkby station and Maghull station.

To see train information click here

 

Out and About

In Melling we are blessed with some beautiful countryside surrounding us so why not take advantage and get out and about. 

 

Leeds to Liverpool Canal

For information and images on the stretch of canal that runs through Melling click here 

 

Parks

Rainbow Park, Rainbow Drive, Melling

For information about rainbow park and activities taking place there click here

 

Public Footpaths

There are a number of sign-posted public footpaths in and around Melling so why not take a wonder and see what you will discover. 

We kindly ask that you stay to the marked footpaths to avoid trespassing on private land.

 

We hope that you enjoy getting out and about around Melling.  We kindly ask that you keep the environment as nice as possible for other people to enjoy and clean up after yourselves and your pets.

Surrounding Areas

Aintree (1.6 miles) Maghull  (2.9 miles)

For more information about what's happening in Maghull click here

 

Kirby (3.1 miles)

 

Ormskirk (7.9 miles)

For more information about what's happening in Ormskirk click here

 

Liverpool (7.9 miles)

For more information about what's happening in Liverpool click here

 

Southport (14.8 miles)

For more information about what's happening in Southport click here

 

Latest News

PART–TIME CLERK TO MELLING PARISH COUNCIL

05-07-2017 Hits:111 Melling Parish Council

Applications are invited from suitably qualified persons for the post of part-time Clerk and Responsible Financial Officer to the Council.  The post holder will be...

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Melling Community Clean Up

01-06-2017 Hits:131 Melling Parish Council

Melling Parish Council had a very successful community clean up day recently with a great turn out from local residents.

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JERSEY COLLAS CRILL ISLAND WALK 2016

09-02-2017 Hits:357 Melling Parish Council

I go to Jersey each year to see my daughter. This year, I went in June to take part in the Around the Island W​alk...

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Upcoming Events

28
Jul
28 July 2017
at 06:30 PM

Melling has a strong Scouting group that has been in existence for many years and is run by...

29
Jul
29 July 2017
at 10:30 AM

GET FIT FOR 2016 come along and join in Every Saturday @ MRCA CLUB, WADDICAR LANE,...

01
Aug
01 August 2017
at 12:00 AM

Melling has a strong Scouting group that has been in existence for many years and is run by...

01
Aug
01 August 2017
at 02:00 PM

Melling Pensioners Club Melling pensioners club is a friendly group for people who enjoy great...

02
Aug
02 August 2017
at 12:00 AM

Join a friendly group of people for a hot drink and a delicious cake or a bacon roll over good...

02
Aug
02 August 2017

Melling Youth Group meet every Wednesday at Caunce Hall (Melling Scout Hut), 146 Waddicar Lane,...

03
Aug
03 August 2017
at 12:00 AM

This fun toddler group gives children the opportunity for friendship and learning through craft,...

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                                                                      Clerk to the Council                                                                                   Melling Parish Council, P O Box 119, LIVERPOOL, L31 5WB.

Email: clerk@mellingparishcouncil.org 

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